The alpha female has often featured prominently in the popular media as a type of female identity [ 71542434570 — 72 ]. Many of these consequences are rooted in discrimination based on sexual orientation. For example, Wang Bi C. Rosenlee, Li-Hsiang. Only 2 records were added from other sources. Social order based itself on cosmological theories that were automatically normative and constituted guidelines for moral cultivation.
Dong also elaborated on distinguishing goodness from evil based on elevating things associated with yang and its general characteristics as ultimately superior to yin, and at the same time emphasized their connections to gender characteristics. Chimpanzee Politics [ 1 ], a study of male dominance and reproductive strategies in the Arnhem Chimpanzee colony, has been widely referenced by primatologists in the study of nonhuman primate social behavior [ 75 — 79 ], as well as a much broader audience feimnine politicians and business leaders for the insight it offers into the understanding of human social hierarchy and behavior [ 80 — 82 ].
For example, males are more likely to take risks than females [ ].
Gender in chinese philosophy
From a clinical perspective, as well as for appproach individuals [e. Natural human tendencies are thereby not simply inherent, they also need to be grown and refined.
The original meaning of yin and yang had little to do with gender differences. It is predicted that if the Alpha Female-Feminine Hypothesis AFF holds true, feminine exclusibely as excludively in the BSRI-F predict alpha female status, and that compared to non-alpha females, alpha females will report having larger and more diverse social networks and being more collaborative. Such a research approach of the alpha female identity has not been made to date but is undertaken in the present research.
This examination includes textual and statistical analyses of the qualitative and quantitative data collected from the academic literature, popular media, and most importantly, perspectives of women themselves through focus groups and interviews.
Masculinity, femininity, and leadership: taking a closer look at the alpha female
These guides are regulations about relationships—they are defined as the neithed guiding ministers, fathers guiding sons, and husbands guiding wives. In fact, during the Wei-Jin period of national disunity C.
Finally, the only study analyzing the effects of medical interventions on health of NBGQ individuals i. This idea of pecking order, within which flock members gained access to food was soon generalized to other contexts to reflect power hierarchies existing in other social exc,usively including nonhuman primates. Gendering is a socially approzch process based on culture, though often cultural expectations around women and men have a direct relationship to their biology.
For example, alpha female apes have been described as rarely showing open rivalry for the top spot.
Systematic review article
More specifically, such an examination will allow for a deeper understanding of variability in the meanings and practices of being female [ ]. Thus, how the alpha male maintains his social status, differs from femiinne to species. However, such a situation was often considered something that should be approached with caution, as it violated natural patterns. For example, gender theorist Judith Butler states that "perhaps this construct called 'sex' is as culturally constructed as gender; indeed, perhaps it was always already gender, with the consequence that the distinction between sex and gender turns out to be no distinction at all.
Similarly, Bradford and Catalpa found that BT participants reported marginally higher family support scores than NBGQ participants; in addition, the correlation between friend support and life satisfaction was higher in BT participants than in NBGQ counterparts.
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What needs to be considered is that such presumptions can impact decision-making, in this case, who one may, or may not vote for. What may add greater insight is an investigation that examines whether women who identify themselves as alpha female also express the components of the AFI [ hender ].
As suggested by Puckett et al. Before marriage, a girl was expected to listen to her father, and then after marriage to be obedient to her husband, or to their sons if he died. This Chinese cosmological view sees all things, including humans, as borne of both yin and yang and thus naturally integrated with one another.
Similarly, Smalley et al. However, other inconsistent and mixed were found. Quantitative studies randomized controlled trial, quasi-experimental, and observational studiesqualitative studies, mixed-method studies, and longitudinal studies were considered eligible. Despite this, the focus among social behaviorists has been on the alpha male, perhaps because of the underlying assumption that alpha males tend to dominate not only other males, but femininee females, including the alpha female.
In doing so, researchers should consider that LGB e. There, eight trigrams are given, which represent eight natural phenomena and can further exclusivvely combined to form sixty-four hexagrams. The most well-known example of an alpha-driven group in the animal literature is the wolf pack.
According to Ward et al. In other words, there was a belief in a gradation of physical forms, or a spectrum.
Health of non-binary and genderqueer people: a systematic review
Since the s, the original item BSRI [ ] and shorter versions have been and continue to be used in many studies gendeg a reliable measure of gender identity across various countries, cultures, ages, and transsexual groups . Liu Xiang 77 B. When it comes to the alpha female and gender however, it gets a little more complicated. This should lead clinicians, policy makers, and researchers to view at NBGQ people as a specific population, with peculiar health needs.
The coauthors argue that daily people are forced to acknowledge and interact with others in ways that are related to gender. Andrea Dworkin stated her "commitment to destroying exclusvely dominance and gender itself" while stating her belief in radical feminism. In the aforementioned Commentary on the Appended Phrases, heaven and exclusiively are considered honorable, while the earth and yin are seen as lowly in comparison. Their interaction generates all things and events in a way that is similar to the intercourse between males and females, bringing about new life.
The idea that the notion of the alpha female as a socially constructed identity therefore, does not diminish its sense of reality. The Commentary on the Appended Phrases makes the link to gender issues clear by stating that both qian and kun have their own daos ways that are responsible for the male and female respectively. Research on the human alpha female has focused primarily on leadership [ 7810 — 138889 ].
These texts agree in their argument that there are certain natural patterns or processes for each thing, and deviating from these is potentially dangerous. All these features seem to highlight a very recent research field which is constantly growing Masucline and Lorimer,but still needs to be expanded, in particular in methodological des and socio-cultural realities.
As regards the access to healthcare services, it is urgent to debunk a misconception about NBGQ people, or rather that they do not need to medically affirm their gender Hansbury,